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  TERMINOLOGY 11/21/2017 8:09am (UTC)
   
 

TERMINOLOGY

Here are name of some of the techniques and terms normally used in Karate listed in Japanese language and explained in English.

 

NUMBERS

Ichi Ni San Shi Go Roku Sichi Hachi Ku Ju
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

 

COMMON TERM

JAPANESE DESCRIPTION JAPANESE DESCRIPTION
Karate Empty hand Karate-do The way of karate
Sensei Instructor Samurai Warrior
Bushido Code of the warior Budo Martial Arts
Dojo Training hall Gi Training suit
Obi Belt Lei Bow
Oohs Greeting Hikite Retract arm
Kiai Yell Shomen-ni-lei Bow to the front
Sensei-ni-lei Bow to senior instructor Shihan-ni-lei Bow to master
Otaga-ni-lei Bow to each other Sempei-ni-lei Bow to senior
Yame Stop Yoi Ready
Hajime Start Yasume Rest
Kyu Grades other than black belt (e.g. 6th kyu = white belt, etc. Dan Black belt degrees or levels
Shomen Front Gedan Lower
Chudan Middle Jodan Upper
Mokuso Meditation Seiza Formal sitting position
Ki Internal power Kime Focus
Tanden Lower abdomen Zanshin State of mind and body - calm but fully aware.
Kata Pre-arranged fighting forms Kihon kumite Basic pre-arrranged fighting practice
Jiyu ippon kumite One-step free-style fighting practice Jiyu kumite Free sparring
Ippon kumite One point free-style sparring Sanbon Kumite Three point free-style sparring

 

TECHNIQUES - BASIC (WHITE AND YELLOW BELTS)

Blocks (Uke)   Punches (Tsuki)  
Harai uke Downward block Shomen tsuki Basic front punch
Yoko uke Inside middle block Gyaku tsuki Reverse punch
Jodan uke Upper block Oi tsuki Lunge punch
Sukui uke Scooping block    
Shuto uke Knife-hand block    
       
Hand strikes (Uchi)   Kicks (Geri)  
Shuto Knife-hand strike Mae (Shomen) geri Front kick
Uraken Back fist strike (jab) Sukuto geri Side kick
Empi uchi Forearm elbow strike Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick
Ura uchi Back fist    
       
    Stances (Dachi)  
    Heisoku dachi Attention
    Shizen dachi Natural stance
    Shiko dachi Sumo stance
    Zenkutsu dachi Forward stance
    Neko ashi dachi Cat stance
    Sanchin dachi Inward tension stance
    Musube dachi Informal attention
    Kiba dachi Straddle (horse) stance
 
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